Women of excellence

First woman to obtain a Baccalauréat (French Senior High School diploma): Julie Daubié (1824-1874). She obtained her Baccalauréat in 1861. She was also the first woman in France to earn a B.A. in Literature, in 1871, at a time La Sorbonne was not open to women. Catherine Brewer was the first American woman to earn…

Can we decide?

In various parts of the world, different governments have implemented a policy of participatory budgeting and citizen participation to improve living conditions in large cities. In Mexico City, the main cosmopolitan city of Latin America, the implementation of these two public policies has not led to an improvement or resolution of problems identified by those…

The strange death of Europe*

Champs-Elysées, Paris, Saturday March 16th. (c) Marie Magnin/Hans Lucas. I was born in the Far-East, raised in Africa (the South?), went to Grad school in the US (The West? The North?). I’ve lived in (South) America for 30 years this coming December. In my compass-mad life, I have always looked back at Western Europe (ironically…

A farewell to London. Brexit

Last Sunday, Theresa May(be) signed the Brexit agreement with the European Union. Regardless of what Parliament decides, it is time to bid farewell to London and our English friends. Above: the bridges will be closed to continental ships. At long last. “I see a red door and I want to paint it black…” Jagger and…

Fair stood the wind for France*

This coming Sunday, April 23rd, the French will vote for the Presidential election. Us Frogs who live in the Americas will vote on Saturday to allow for the time difference. You might say: “What’s it to me? I ain’t French and I don’t live in France.” A legitimate point, but wrong. This coming election may…

Time Patrol. WWII or III?

Another rabid dog has rammed his lorry, truck, whatever, into a crowd of passersby. Dead? Several? Injured? More? Where? Stockholm. I searched my memory. Was Sweden a colonial power? No. Involved in slavery? Probably not. Crimes of war? No. Well, some of their descendants conquered England in 1066, but I’m sure there is a statute…